30% of fire doors condemned as not fit for purpose due to poor installation

This is the headline that Tristan Cooke, Managing Director of Mila Maintenance and Installation took from the recent report by the Fire Door Inspection Scheme that overall, 76% fire doors inspected in 2019 were not fit for purpose.

Tristan Cook, MD of Mila Maintenance

“The headline that 76% of fire doors inspected in 2019 were classified as not fit for purpose was staggering, but I wanted to understand the detail a little more.  As I read into it the real headline for me was that 30% had been condemned due to poor installation”.

“Over the past few years the installation of fire doors has rightly been at the top of the agenda, and certainly across many of the areas we work in – social housing, student accommodation, care homes and the large scale rented property market.  As a specialist contractor committed to those sectors our site managers and installers are all fully trained and accredited to enable them to fit fire doors”.

“But we know from the bidding processes we go through that price remains the most important factor and there is a lack of understanding that installing fire doors is a specialist skill and not something that should be left to installers who may be excellent in their day to day work, but are not suited to fit these kind of products.  General ignorance about fire doors and their importance is another point made by the FDIS (Fire Door Inspection Service) in their report, across clients, contractors, developers and residents”.

“This lack of understanding is borne out by the reasons for failure highlighted in the report – excessive gaps between the door and the structure, smoke sealing issues often due to the use of incorrect materials, and poorly fitted or adjusted closers.  These are the things which determine whether a fire door will perform properly if required to do so or not, and while it is shocking to hear these things it is not unfortunately a surprise”.

Legislation is needed

“It is my view that legislation relating to who can and cannot install fire doors should be tightened further, it is simply not something that can be left to chance.  In the period covered by the report Mila Maintenance and Installation installed over 3,000 fire doors without a single failure at inspection stage”.

“Too often contractors think that because a fire door has been independently tested by a third party it is therefore fit for purpose.  But all of us who have been in the fenestration industry for a long time know that the best manufactured products, poorly fitted are doomed to fail.  In the case of fire doors, the potential consequences are horrendous”.

Not fit for purpose

“The report talked about 76% of doors being not fit for purpose, the other 46% of failures (outside of installation) was down to poor maintenance.  This is an altogether different issue and should be looked at separately.  Building owners have to take some responsibility here and ensure that once they have had fire doors installed they put a maintenance regime in place, and in the ideal world that should be with the people who installed the doors in the first place.  It is simply not enough with a fire door, with mechanical features like closers, to think that once it has been installed the door will operate perfectly for the whole duration of the product guarantee.  It won’t”.

“Also alarming when we read the report was that the sample of 100,000 doors inspected was just a minor portion of the number of fire doors actually installed in 2019, which was a staggering 3 million.  There are understandably resource issues when it comes to inspecting, but fire doors are such a critical part of health and safety considerations in residential buildings, that these inspections rates are simply not high enough”.

Ensure only accredited installers are allowed on site

“It is another reason why only trained and accredited installers should be allowed on site to fit these products and the rules and regulations need to be updated to be entirely robust to ensure full compliance in this regard.  The potential consequences of failure are simply too great to consider”.

Mila Maintenance and Installation is a specialist contractor for windows and doors and has completed over 1.3 million jobs in over 30 years of trading.


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